Adapted from Oedipus Tyrannos by Sophocles
Change Performing Arts, Milano, Itali
Director: Robert Wilson
Performance in Italian, English, French, German and Greek with Hungarian subtitles
1 hours 15 minutes.
Oedipus Rex, based on the tragedy by Sophocles, is the new work designed and directed by Robert Wilson, produced by Change Performing Arts, commissioned by “Conversazioni” - the festival of the palladian Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza - and coproduced by “Pompeii Theatrum Mundi” – the festival of ancient dramaturgy taking place in the ancient theatre of the archeological site. This same tragedy by Sophocles was staged in 1585 at Teatro Olimpico to inaugurate the most famous masterpiece by Andrea Palladio, for which Vincenzo Scamozzi designed the scenery that still adorns the interior of the theater to be admired after more than four centuries. The music composed by Andrea Gabrieli and a monochrome mural painting remains today to allow visitors to imagine the splendors during the time of that premiere.
While the backbone of the performance is the famous text by Sophocles (430 BC) with the classical Italian translation in verses by Ettore Romagnoli (1926), inserts of the ancient translation by Orsatto Giustiniano (1585), and various different contemporary languages will be intertwined to allude to a myth that travels freely across time, geographical and cultural borders.
The performance is dramaturgically structured as an Homeric recitation by an aoidos and the staging concept is highly characteristic to the works by the great American artist and director: Wilson crosses boundaries between theater, dance, music and visual art, and also creates scenes that are not in the original tragedy by Sophocles such as Pitia announcing the oracle of Delphi and the marriage of Oedipus to Jocasta.
The production comprises of seven internationally renowned actors, one musician and seven performers. Music plays a central role in the project, originally composed and performed by Dickie Landry, a saxophonist from New Orleans, who exchanges musical dialogues with Syrian clarinetist Kinan Azmeh.
„My staging of Sophocles’ tragedy was first performed at the Roman Theater of Pompei modelled after the ancient Greek amphitheaters. It then went to the Palladian Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza inspired by the Roman ancient theaters in its turn, as first roofed theater in the world inaugurated in 1585. It was then a great challenge to present “Oedipus” in the magnificent theater of Epidaurus that reminds us where the roots of modern theater lie: an ancient Greek theater whose origins date back four centuries BC almost as the Theater of Dionysus in Athens where “Oedipus the King” was first performed in 429 BC.
Another challenge is to imagine a play based on the ancient Greek myth of Oedipus using Sophocles’ verses in the ancient Greek and in various contemporary languages, and yet to create a new vision of the story for a contemporary audience. My work takes the shape of a choral visual installation where contemporary languages are intertwined to allude to a myth that travels freely across time, geographical and cultural borders.
The performance is structured in a classical way: five parts and a prologue, the first part being echoed in the fifth part, the second in the fourth. The third part, a wild pagan wedding ceremony, is the centerpiece. Each part is defined by the materials of scenic elements used onstage: wooden planks, leafless branches, steel paper and sheets of galvanized metal, green branches, contemporary folding chairs, tar paper and vegetable woven fabrics with silk. Music plays a central role, originally composed and performed by Dickie Landry, a saxophonist from New Orleans, who exchanges musical dialogues with Syrian clarinetist Kinan Azmeh.
The main theme of the story of Oedipus to me is darkness. He vows to shed light on the murder of Laius in order to free the city of Thebes from the plague. But is he able to bear the light when it shines on him at last? Is he able to confront his own past, his origins? As Tiresias, the blind seer, puts it: as long as Oedipus has eyesight, he is blind. When he starts to see the truth, he blinds himself. Can we bear to look at the truth today?” (Robert Wilson)
Witness 1 - Lydia Koniordou
Witness 2 - Angela Winkler
Oedipus - Scott Jennings
Iocasta - Casilda Madrazo
A Woman - Laetitia Lalle Bi Benie
A Boy - Alexios Fousekis
Tiresias / A Shepherd - Meg Harper
Men at Crossing - Alessandro Anglani, Marcello di Giacomo, Gaetano Migliaccio, Francesco Roccasecca
Three Dancing Women - Laila Gozzi, Casilda Madrazo, Annabella Marotta
A man with saxophone - Dickie Landry
Black shadows / wedding dancers - Meg Harper, Alexis Fousekis, Laila Gozzi, Alessandro Anglani, Marcello di Giacomo, Francesca Gabucci, Annabella Marotta, Gaetano Migliaccio, Francesco Roccasecca
Voices of Robert Wilson and Christopher Knowles
Co-director: Ann Christin Rommen
Original music by Dickie Landry and Kinan Azmeh
Costume designer: Carlos Soto
Co-set designer: Annick Lavallée-Benny
Set design assistant: Flavio Pezzotti
Co-light designer: Solomon Weisbard / Marcello Lumaca
Dramaturg: Konrad Kuhn
Make-up & hair designer: Manu Halligan
Choreography of Aboriginal wedding dance: Whesley Enoch
Assistant director and stage manager: Sara Thaiz Bozano
Technical director: Enrico Maso
Lighting supervisor: Wee Cheng Low
Chief elex: Giuseppe Cino
Sound designer: Thorsten Hoppe
Light design assistant: Fabio Bozzetta
Props master: Cecilia Sacchi
Make up & hair: Nicole Tomaini / Claudia Bastia
Wardrobe: Caterina Villa
Costume assistants: Flavia Ruggieri / Francesca Sartorio
Costumes production: CIMEC Compagnia Italiana della Moda e del Costume Milano
Set construction: Stage Designer Lab Milano
Photos: Lucie Jansch
Robert Wilson’s personal assistant: Philip Bauer
Robert Wilson’s management by RW - Work Ltd
Production manager: Marta Dellabona
Production assistants: Martina Galbiati, Lorenzo De Marziani
Performance in Italian, English, French, German and Greek, based on the original Italian translation in verses by Ettore Romagnoli (1926) and Orsatto Giustiniani (1585)
Workshop and rehearsals have been realized at The Watermill Center, Long Island | Teatro Mercadante, Napoli | Centrale Fies, Dro | Teatro Grande, Pompei | Teatro Olimpico, Vicenza
Project by Change Performing Arts | director: Franco Laera
Commissioned and co-produced by
Commissioned and co-produced by Conversazioni | Teatro Olimpico di Vicenza | Teatro Stabile di Napoli | in collaboration with MITEM, National Theater Budapest